If the question doesn't reference something in one of the answers, that answer is probably incorrect. Check to see what is/isn't referenced and choose the best answer from there.
Do not assume facts about questions. Often, if information is not provided in the question, it will not be relevant. Stick to the facts that are provided.
Some questions will focus on your ability to determine the difference between opinion and fact. Practice recognizing the difference between fact (the grass is green) and opinion (the grass smells nice).
Read carefully and slowly. Questions may be confusing if you read too quickly.
If you think that 2 answers could be correct, ask yourself, “What is it REALLY asking”.
Study and know different types of writing styles. You may be asked to identify. i.e. narrative, expository, entertaining, analytical, persuasive, etc.
Know how to identify first person (I), second person (You), third person (Narration).
Use only the information you are given, if it is not stated in the text then don’t assume it to be relevant.
Use Process of elimination. Eliminate answers you know are wrong and work your way to one, final answer.
Know how to use an index, dictionary, almanac, encyclopedia, and glossary.
Try to improve your reading speed and comprehension in advance. You want to ensure that you can finish the section before the time is up.
Pay attention to the wording in questions. The wording in the question itself will usually provide helpful hints that can lead you toward the correct answer.
Read the questions thoroughly and slowly. Reread if necessary. The order/value they are expecting may be different that you are anticipating.
Brush up on decimals, ratios, fractions, PEMDAS, percentages.
Know addition, subtraction, multiplication, division problems.
Be sure to know how to add, subtract, multiply, and divide fractions.
Brush up on common math rules. i.e. when adding a fraction, they must have same common denominator.
You will be able to use a calculator. It will be provided by the testing center.
Know your Anatomy and Physiology and Microbiology.
Review the periodic table.
Know basics of the 11 systems of the body, organelles, basic biology.
Balancing an equation in chemistry (atomic mass, protons, neutrons, etc.)
Know quick facts about population growth and decline, and birth and fertility rates.
Even if English is your first language, do not be overly confident.
Rules of Language arts and grammar may be explicitly asked.
Know The eight parts of basic sentence: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections.
Dependent vs independent clauses of a complex sentence. i.e. what do you join two independent clauses with, etc.
Spelling: Important to remember how many repeated letters are in a word. I.e. accommodate, foreign, appointments, necessary.
Know subject-verb agreement
Learn meaning of common prefixes and suffixes.
Study terms and formal terms. Know what they are and how they work. i.e. coordinate conjunctions, sub conjunctions, subject verb agreement.
Review basic rules of punctuation; i.e. semi-colon and dash usage.
If you are not sure about the meaning of the word, use context clues and process of elimination to come to a final answer.